In quantum mechanics, a boson is a particle that follows Bose–Einstein statistics. Bosons make up one of the two classes of particles, the other being fermions.
Quarks and leptons, as well as most composite particles, like protons and neutrons, are Bosons are those particles which have an integer spin (0, 1, 2).
In particle physics, a boson is a type of particle that obeys the rules of Bose-Einstein statistics. According to the Standard Model of quantum physics, there are a number of fundamental bosons, which are not made up of smaller particles. Higgs Boson - According to the Standard.
All fundamental particles, such as electrons and photons, have an intrinsic degree of freedom called “spin”, which in many situations acts like a form of angular.
Bosons include mesons (e.g., pions and kaons), nuclei of even mass number ( e.g., helium-4), and the particles required to embody the fields of quantum field.
Something else you can do with boson particles is form a Bose-Einstein condensate, a phenomenon predicted by Einstein back in the 's.
In other words, if we assume that the Higgs boson exists, we can infer its mass based on the effect it would have on the properties of other particles and fields.
Read more about the Higgs boson and why its existence is important in in the early s: Our entire universe is made of 12 different matter particles and four.